The division has three research stations:
The Aquaculture Research Station in Dor, The Aquaculture Research Station in Genosar, The central Fish Health Laboratory in Nir David.
The division engages in research and providing different solutions to aquaculture farmers: disease research, veterinarian service, new technologies, water saving, fish growing techniques, product quality, quality standards on all levels and as of late, also organic aquaculture.
In 2003 the division focused on a number of subjects, and the most important one was research with the purpose of finding an alternative to the fungicide Malchite Green, which treats Saprolegniasis disease (a type of water fungi). The work began in 2002 even before the subject got a lot of media attention, knowing the material will be banned soon. As the media and public began paying the subject massive attention the division worked vigorously, with the exceptional cooperation of the other veterinarian services and the instructors of the Training and Profession Service in the Ministry of Agriculture. The substance was collected from farms and soon after most of the fish pools in Israel were surveyed for residue of Malchite Green in the fish. Marketing was permitted only to pools that were found to be clean. Nevertheless, the branch suffered heavy damages due to the almost complete stop of fish marketing that lasted a number of months. In order to prevent another crisis of this kind, the division and the Ministry of Health issued new procedures.
Saving water and increasing efficiency: even though this year has been rainy and the water level of the Kinneret has improved, the division continues to encourage farms to install recycling systems that pump the pool's water and recycle them for the same use, instead of letting the water flow into the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. In addition, this year the department is working with six model fish farms with water saving technology. The farms were chosen through a tender. This is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Water Authority and the Ministry of Finance. The objective is to minimize the water use from 8 cubic meters per 1 kilogram of fish, to 0.3 cubic meters per kilogram. Expanding the model farms is the result of successful pilot in Beit Shean in 2002.
The division is responsible for the policy of fishing interface. The law refers to fishing in the Mediterranean Sea, lake Kineret, and Eilat bay as a national natural resource and authorizes the conservation of fish as a sustainable resource. In order to manage the sustainable fishing interface, there is a need to survey the condition of the fish, collect data on the amount of fish fished and the efforts the fishing fleet invests in collecting the loot. This data enables us to assess the fish stock in the seas and to determine whether the resource is in danger. In past few years the department is restricting the fishing efforts and froze the size of the fishing fleet in order to prevent over fishing, which might damage the fish stock. A number of regulations have been issued to support this policy. Among the regulations are mesh size limits, limiting entry to spawning areas in the Kinneret and shutdown of the fishing in the Mediterranean for specified periods of time. A petition to the High Court of Justice against the department's director for his refusal to approve fishing permissions against this policy was rejected. In their unanimous ruling the judges commended the policy of the department.
The Minister of Agriculture, the Director of the Department for Foreign Trade and the Director of the Fishing and Aquaculture Division, participated in a convention on fishing in the Mediterranean, which took place in Venice. Joint decisions were made regarding cooperation between the Mediterranean countries in regards to research and fishing management. In addition, the department encourages fishing of Tuna fish and deep sea fishing, new fields that the Israeli market has not been sufficiently exposed to yet.