Following the announcement by the FDA, the Ministry of Agriculture recommends that dog owners consult their veterinarian's regarding the dog food they give their pets
The FDA (US Food and Drug Administration), that is investigating the association between grain-free dog food and canine heart disease - Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM), has published the information collected to date. The Ministry of Agriculture's Veterinary Services is publishing the FDA's findings in Israel and advising dog owners to consult their veterinarian about their pet's food, while calling on veterinarians in Israel to report any relevant cases of illness to the FDA.
The FDA announced that it is currently data collection and analysis stage
, aimed at assessing the potential association between grain-free nutrition and myocardial disease named dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in dogs. The disease causes damage to the cardiac muscle and enlargement of the left chamber that in effect impairs the functioning of the heart. The is a multi-factor disease, and may be due to nutritional, infectious and genetic factors. Although it is widely believed that this disease may be due to a variety of reasons, data collected by the FDA over the past 5 years indicates numerous cases of DCM among animals that were fed a diet that consisting primarily of grains-free ingredients. Grain-free foods are largely based on legumes such as peas and lentils or potatoes as the main ingredient.
From 2014 to 2019, the FDA accumulated 560 reports of dogs suffering from DCM, and examination of the dog food brands indicated that over 90% of them do not include grain ingredients. Examination of the brands also found that 93% of them contained peas and lentils.
According to the FDA, the dog food brands involved in the reported cases are:
|Name of brand||Number of cases|
|Taste of the Wild ||53|
|Rachael Ray Nutrish||10|
The FDA has not yet formulated specific guidelines, but advises dog owners to consult the treating veterinarians regarding their dog's diet based on its medical condition. The Veterinary Services of the Ministry of Agriculture is publishing the information accumulated by the FDA, and calls on veterinary doctors in Israel to report to the FDA every relevant case of illness.
It should be emphasized that since the FDA has not yet drawn any conclusions on this matter, there is no statutory prohibition on the continued marketing of these dog food products. The FDA is continuing to collect data and conduct risk analysis to try to draw a conclusion as to whether there is a definite link between dog nutrition and the risk of developing DCM, and once conclusions are reached, will report them to the public.